عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Belief in God’s existence is the most fundamental ideological issue and a matter for constant debate between the materialists and secularists and the believers in God. Therefore, the seekers of truth should first address the question as to whether God exists or not. There are different ways which would help find the answer; however, the most important ones are divided into five categories, including those proposed by the mystics, those proposed by the philosophers of religion, those proposed by the scholars of ilm al-kalām, those proposed by the natural scientists, and finally those proposed by the Holy Qur’an and sunnah. The above categories are further divided into a number of subcategories which are briefly discussed in this paper to facilitate further research and study. It is worth underlining that this paper mainly studies and compares the techniques proposed by the philosophers of religion and scholars of ilm al-kalām which are based on the Holy Qur’an and Shia hadīth collections.